Peer Reviewed Papers

In Press

  • Douhard, M., Festa-Bianchet, M., Pelletier, F., Gaillard, J.-M. & Bonenfant, C. Changes in horn size of Stone's sheep over four decades correlate with trophy hunting pressure. Ecological Applications, in press. [pdf]


  • Garratt, M., Lemaître, J.-F., Douhard, M., Bonenfant, C, Capron, G., Warnant, C., Klein, F., Brooks, R.C. & Gaillard, J.-M. (2015) High juvenile mortality predicts sex-specific adult survival and lifespan in wild roe deer. Current Biology, 25, 759--763. [pdf]
  • Gaudry, W., Saïd, S., Gaillard, J.-M., Chevrier, T., Loison, A., Maillard, D. & Bonenfant, C. (2015) Partial migration or just habitat selection: the study case of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) movements in mountain. Journal of Mammalogy, 96, 502--510. [pdf]
  • Lardy, S., Allainé, D., Bonenfant, C. & Cohas, A. (2015) Sex-specific determinants of fitness in a social mammal. Ecology, 96, 2947--2959. [pdf]
  • Lemaître, J.-F., Berger, V., Bonenfant, C, Douhard, M., Gamelon, M., Plard, F. & Gaillard, J.-M. (2015) Early-late life trade-offs and the evolution of ageing in the wild. The Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 282, 20150209. [pdf]
  • Mills, J.A., Teplitsky, C., Arroyo, B., Charmantier, A., Becker, P.H., Birkhead, T.R., Bize, P., Blumstein, D.T., Bonenfant, C., Bushuev, A., Cam, E., Cockburn, A., Coulson, J.C., Daunt, F., Dingemanse, N., Doligez, B., Drummond, H., Espie, R.H., Festa-Bianchet, M., Frentiu, F., Fitzpatrick, J.W., Garant, D., Grant, P.R., Griesser, M., Gustafsson, L., Harris, M.P., Linnell, J.D.C., Jiguet, F., Kempenaers, B., Kjellander, P., Koenig, W.D., Korpimäki, E., Krebs, C., Lens, L., Lopez, B.A., Low, M., Margalida, A., Møller, A.P., Nakagawa, S., Nansson, B., Nilsson, J.-Å, Nisbet, I.C.T., van Noordwijk, A., Oro, D., Packer, C., Pärt, T., Pelletier, F., Potti, J., Pujol, B., Réale, D., Rockwell, R.F., Ropert-Coudert, Y., Roulin, A., Sedinger, J.S., Swenson, J., Visser, M.E., Wanless, S., Westneat, D.F., Wilson, A. & Zedrosser, A. (2015) The requirement to archive individual data: specific issues for long-term studies and potential solutions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 30, 581--589. [pdf]
  • Plard, F., Gaillard, J.-M., Coulson, T., Hewison, A.J.M., Douhard, M., Klein, F., Delorme, D., Warnant, C. & Bonenfant, C. (2015) The influence of birth date via body mass on individual fitness in a long-lived mammal. Ecology, 96, 1516--1528. [pdf]
  • Plard, F., Yoccoz, N., Bonenfant, C., Klein, F., Warnant, C. & Gaillard, J.-M. (2015) Disentangling direct and growth-mediated influences on early survival: a mechanistic approach. Journal of Animal Ecology, 84, 1363--1372. [pdf]
  • Plard, F., Gaillard, J.-M., Coulson, T.N., Delorme, D., Warnant, C., Michallet, J., Tuljapurkar, S., Krishnakumar, S. & Bonenfant, C. (2015) Quantifying the influence of measured and unmeasured individual differences on demography. Journal of Animal Ecology, 84, 1434--1445. [pdf]


  • Debeffe, L., Focardi, S., Bonenfant, C., Hewison, A.J.M., Morellet, N, Vanpé, C., Heurich, M., Kjellander, P., Linnell, J.D.C., Mysterurd, A., Pellerin, M., Sustr, P., Urbano, F. & Cagnacci, F. (2014) A one night stand? Reproductive excursions of female roe deer as a breeding dispersal tactic. Oecologia, 176, 431--443. [pdf]
  • Douhard, M., Plard, F., Gaillard, J.-M., Capron, G., Delorme, D., Klein F., Duncan, P. Loe, L.E. & Bonenfant, C. (2014) Fitness consequences of environmental conditions at different life stages in a long-lived vertebrate. The Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281, 20140276. [pdf]
  • Gamelon, M., Focardi, S., Gaillard, J.-M., Gimenez, O., Bonenfant, C., Franzetti, B., Choquet, R., Ronchi, F., Baubet, E. & Lemaître, J.-F. (2014) Do age-specific survival patterns of wild boar fit current evolutionary theories of senescence? Evolution, 68, 3636--3643. [pdf]
  • Hartwell, K.S., Notman, H., Bonenfant, C. & Pavelka, M.S.M. (2014) Assessing the occurrence of sexual segregation in spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi yucatanensis), its mechanisms and function. International Journal of Primatology, 35, 425--444. [pdf]
  • Hurley, M.A, Hebblewhite, M., Gaillard, J.-M., Dray, S., Kyle, A.T., Smith, K.W., Zager, P. & Bonenfant, C. (2014) Functional analysis of NDVI curves reveals overwinter mule deer survival is driven by both spring and fall phenology. The Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 369, 20130196. [pdf]
  • Plard, F., Gaillard, J.-M., Coulson, T., Hewison, A.J.M., Delorme, D., Warnant, C. Nilsen, E. & Bonenfant, C. (2014) Long-lived and heavier females give birth earlier in roe deer. Ecography, 37, 241--249. [pdf]
  • Plard, F., Gaillard, J.-M., Coulson, T., Hewison, A.J.M., Delorme, D., Warnant, C. & Bonenfant, C. (2014) Mismatch between birth date and vegetation phenology slows the demography of roe deer. PLoS Biology, 12, e1001828. [pdf]


  • Douhard, M., Gaillard, J.-M., Delorme, D., Capron, G., Duncan, P., Klein, F. & Bonenfant, C. (2013) Variation in adult body mass of roe deer: early environmental conditions influence early and late body growth of females. Ecology, 94, 1805--1814. [pdf]
  • Douhard, M., Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M., Hamann, J.-L., Garel, M., Michallet, J. & Klein, F. (2013) Roaring counts are not suitable for the monitoring of red deer Cervus elaphus populations. Wildlife Biology, 19, 94--101. [pdf]
  • Gaillard, J.-M., Hewison, A.J.M., Klein, F., Plard, F., Douhard, M., Davison, R. & Bonenfant, C. (2013) How does climate change influence demographic processes of widespread species? Lessons from the comparative analysis of constrasted populations of roe deer. Ecology Letters, 16, 48--57. [pdf]
  • Morellet, N., Bonenfant, C., Börger, L., Ossi, F., Cagnacci, F., Heurich, M., Kjellander, P., Linnell, J.D.C., Nicoloso, S., Sustr, P., Urbano, F. & Mysterud, A. Seasonality, weather, and climate affect home range size in roe deer across a wide latitudinal gradient within Europe. Journal of Animal Ecology, 82, 1326--1339. [pdf]
  • Plard, F., Gaillard, J.-M., Bonenfant, C., Hewison, M., Delorme, D., Cargnelutti, B., Kjellander, P., Nilsen, E. B. & Coulson, T. (2013) Parturition date for a given female is consistently highly repeatable in five roe deer populations. Biology Letters, 9, 20120841. [pdf]
  • Tafani, M., Cohas, A., Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M. & Allainé, A. (2013) Decreasing litter size of marmots over time: a life-history response to climate change? Ecology, 94, 580--586. [pdf]
  • Tafani, M., Cohas, A., Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M., Lardy S. & Allainé, A. (2013) Sex-specific senescence in body mass of a monogamous and monomorphic mammal: the case of Alpine marmots. Oecologia, 172, 427--436. [pdf]


  • Gilot-Fromont, E., Jégo, M., Bonenfant, C., Gibert, P., Rannou, B., Klein, F. & Gaillard, J.-M. (2012) Immune phenotype and body condition in roe deer: individuals with high body condition have different, not stronger immunity. PLoS ONE, 7, e45576. [pdf]
  • Loe, L.E., Bonenfant, C., Meisingset, E.L. & Mysterud, A. (2012) Effects of spatial scale and sample size in GPS-based species distribution models: are the best models trivial for red deer management? European Journal of Wildlife Research, 58, 195--203. [pdf]
  • Palazy, L., Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M. & Courchamp, F. (2012) Rarity, trophy-hunting and extinction risk. Animal Conservation , 15, 4--11. [pdf]
  • Palazy, L., Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M. & Courchamp, F. (2012) Response: Rarity, trophy-hunting and extinction risk. Animal Conservation , 15, 16--17. [pdf]
  • Palazy, L., Bonenfant, C. Gaillard, J.-M. & Courchamp, F. On the use of IUCN status for the management of trophy hunting. Wildlife Research, 39, 711--720. [pdf]
  • Plard, F., Bonenfant, C., Delorme, D. & Gaillard, J.-M. Modeling reproductive trajectories of roe deer females: fixed or dynamic heterogeneity? Theoretical Population Biology, 82, 317--328. [pdf]
  • Redjadj, C., Duparc, A., Lavorel, S., Grigulis, K, Bonenfant, C., Maillard, D., Saïd, S. & Loison, A. (2012) Estimating herbaceous plant biomass in mountain grasslands: a comparative study using three different methods. Alpine Botany, 122, 57--63. [pdf]


  • Milner, J. M, Bonenfant, C. & Mysterud, A. (2011) Hunting Bambi -- evaluating the basis for selective harvesting of juveniles. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 57, 565--574. [pdf]
  • Palazy, L., Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M. & Courchamp, F. (2011) Cat dilemma: Too protected to escape trophy hunting? PLoS ONE, e22424. [pdf]
  • Plard, F., Bonenfant, C. & Gaillard, J.-M. (2011) Revisiting the allometry of antlers among deer species: male-male competition as a driver. Oikos, 160, 601--606. [pdf]
  • Villard, F., Bonenfant, C. & Bretagnolle, V. (2011) Effects of satellite transmitters fitted to breeding Cory's shearwaters. Journal of Wildlife Management, 75, 709--714. [pdf]


  • Garel, M., Bonenfant, C., Hamann, J.-L., Klein, F. & Gaillard, J.-M. (2010) Are abundance indices derived from spotlight counts reliable to monitor red deer population? Wildlife Biology, 16, 77--84. [pdf]
  • Hamel, S., Gaillard, J.-M., Yoccoz, N.G., Loison, A., Bonenfant, C. & Descamps, S. (2010) Fitness costs of reproduction depend on life speed: empirical evidence from mammalian populations. Ecology Letters, 13, 915--935. [pdf]
  • Kaeuffer, R., Bonenfant, C., Chapuis, J.-L. & Devillard, S. (2010) Dynamics of an introduced population of mouflon (Ovis aries) on a sub-Antarctic island of Kerguelen. Ecography, 33, 435--442. [pdf]
  • Singh, N., Bonenfant, C., Yoccoz, N.G. & Côté, S. (2010) Sexual segregation in Eurasian wild sheep. Behavioral Ecology, 21, 410--418. [pdf]


  • Bonenfant, C., Pelletier, F., Garel, M & Bergeron (2009) Age-dependent horn growth--survival relationship in wild sheep. Journal of Animal Ecology, 78, 161--171. [pdf]
  • Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M., Coulson, T., Festa-Bianchet, M., Loison, A., Garel, M., Loe, L.E., Blanchard, P., Pettorelli, N., Owen-Smith, N., du Toit, J. & Duncan, P. (2009) Empirical evidences of density-dependence in populations of large herbivores. Advances in Ecological Research, 41, 313--357. [pdf]
  • Cohas, A., Bonenfant, C., Kempenaers, B. & Allainé, D. (2009) Age-specific effect of heterozygosity on survival in alpine marmots, Marmota marmota. Molecular Ecology, 18, 1491--1503. [pdf]
  • Saint Andrieux, C., Bonenfant, C., Basille, M., Toïgo, C. & Klein, F. (2009) Factors affecting beech bark stripping by red deer (Cervus elaphus) in a mixed forest. Wildlife Biology, 15, 1--10. [pdf]


  • Cohas, A., Yoccoz, N.G., Bonenfant, C., Goossens, B., Genton, C., Galant, M., Kempenaers, B. & Allainé, D. (2008) The genetic similarity between pair members influences the frequency of extra-pair paternity in alpine marmot. Animal Behaviour, 76, 87--95. [pdf]
  • Gaillard, J.-M. & Bonenfant, C. (2008) Vertebrate senescence: An evolutionary process with a genetic basis? Current Biology, 18, R130--R131. [pdf]
  • Gaillard, J.-M., Hewison, M., Kjellander, P., Pettorelli, N., Bonenfant, C., Van Moorter, B., Liberg, O., Andren, E., Van Laere, G., Klein, F., Angibault, J.-M., Coulon, A. & Vanpé, C. (2008) Population density and sex do not influence fine-scale natal dispersal in roe deer. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 275, 2025--2030. [pdf]
  • Mysterud, A., Bonenfant, C., Loe, L.E., Langvatn, R., Yoccoz, & Stenseth, N.C. (2008) Age-specific feeding cessation in male red deer during rut. Journal of Zoology, 275, 407--412. [pdf]
  • Mysterud, A., Bonenfant, C., Loe, L.E., Langvatn, R., Yoccoz, N. G. & Stenseth, N.C. (2008) The timing of male reproductive effort relative to female ovulation in a capital breeder. Journal of Animal Ecology, 77, 469--477. [pdf]


  • Bonenfant C., Gaillard, J.-M., Dray, S., Loison, A., Royer, M. & Chessel, D. (2007) Testing sexual segregation and aggregation: old ways are best. Ecology, 88, 3202--3208. [pdf]
  • Cohas, A., Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M. & Allainé D. (2007) Are extra-pair young better than within-pair young? A comparison of survival and dominance in alpine marmots. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76, 771--781. [pdf]
  • Loe, L.E., Bonenfant, C., Mysterud, A. & Stenseth, N.C. (2007) Activity pattern of arctic deer in a predator-free environment, no need to keep a daily rhythm. Oecologia, 152, 617--624. [pdf]
  • McLoughlin, P.D., Gaillard, J.-M., Boyce, M., Bonenfant, C., Messier, F., Duncan, P., Delorme, D., Van Moorter, B., Saïd, S. & Klein, F. (2007). Lifetime reproductive success and composition of the home range in a large herbivore. Ecology, 88, 3192--3201. [pdf]
  • Valière, N., Bonenfant, C., Toïgo, C., Luikart, G., Gaillard, J.-M. & Klein, F. (2007) Importance of a pilot study for non -invasive genetic sampling: genotyping errors and population size estimation in red deer. Conservation Genetics, 8, 69--78. [pdf]
  • Veiberg, V., Mysterud, A., Bjørkvoll, E., Langvatn, R. Loe, L.E., Irvine, J., Bonenfant, C., Couweleers, F. & Stenseth, N.C. (2007). Evidence for a trade-off between early growth and tooth wear in Svalbard reindeer. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76, 1139--1148. [pdf]


  • Loe, L.E., Irvine, R.J., Bonenfant, C., Stien, A., Langvatn, R., Albon, S.D., Mysterud, A. & Stenseth, N.C. (2006). Testing five hypothesis of sexual selection segregation in an arctic ungulate. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 485--496. [pdf]
  • Loe, L.E., Bonenfant, C., Langvatn, R., Mysterud, A., Veiberg, V. & Stenseth N.C. (2006). A poor set of teeth increases susceptibility to climate in Norwegian red deer. Oecologia, 147, 24-30. [pdf]
  • Milner, J., Bonenfant, C., Mysterud, A., Gaillard, J.-M. & Stenseth, N.C. (2006). Temporal and spatial development of red deer harvesting in Europe - the influence of biological and cultural factors. Journal of Applied Ecology, 43, 721--734. [pdf]


  • Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M., Klein, F. & Hamann, J.L. (2005). Can we use the young:female ratio to infer ungulate population dynamics: an empirical test using the red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) as a model. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 361--370. [pdf]
  • Gaillard, J.-M., Yoccoz, N.G., Lebreton, J.-D., Bonenfant, C., Devillard, S., Loison, A., Allainé, D. & Pontier D. (2005). Generation time: a reliable metric to measure life history variation among mammalian populations. American Naturalist, 166, 119--123. [pdf]
  • Loe, L.E., Bonenfant, C., Mysterud, A., Gaillard, J.-M., Langvatn, R., Stenseth, N.C., Klein, F., Ergon, T. & Pettorelli, N. (2005). Climate predictability and breeding phenology in red deer: timing and synchrony of rutting and calving in Norway and France. Journal of Animal Ecology, 74, 579--588. [pdf]


  • Baubet, E., Bonenfant, C. & Brand, S. (2004) Wild boar diet in the French Alps. Galémys, S16, 99--111. [pdf]
  • Bonenfant, C., Loe, L.E., Mysterud, A., Langvatn, R., Stenseth, N.C., Gaillard, J.-M. & Klein, F. (2004) Multiple causes of sexual segregation in European Red Deer (Cervus elaphus L.): enlightenments from varying breeding phenology at high and low latitude. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 269, 883--892. [pdf]
  • Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M., Klein, F. & Maillard, D. (2004) Variation in harem size of red deer (Cervus elaphus L.): the effect of adult sex ratio and age-structure. Journal of Zoology, 264, 1--9. [pdf]


  • Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M., Loison, A. & Klein, F. (2003). Sex-ratio variation and reproductive costs in relation to density in a forest-dwelling population of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in a temperate forest. Behavioral Ecology, 6, 862--869. [pdf]


  • Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M., Loison, A. & Klein, F. (2002). Sex- and age-specific effects of population density on life history traits of Red deer (Cervus elaphus) in a temperate forest. Ecography, 25, 446--458. [pdf]

Book Chapters

  • Maillard, D., Gaillard, J.-M., Hewison, M., Ballon, P., Duncan, P., Loison, A., Toïgo, C., Baubet, E., Bonenfant, C., Garel, M. & Saint-Andrieux, C. (2008) Ungulate status and management in France. in: European Ungulates and their Management in the 21st Century (Eds: M. Apollonio, R. Andersen & R. Putman)
  • BiodiversitéS : nouveaux regards sur le vivant (2010) - ouvrage collaboratif. le cherche midi, pp. 175.

Reports & Popularizing Articles

  • Bonenfant, C., Gaillard, J.-M., Klein, F. & Hamann, J.L. (2004) Dynamique des populations et sélection sexuelle. Rapport Scientifique de l'Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage. [pdf]
  • Bonenfant, C., Klein, F., Hamann, J.L. & Gaillard, J.M. (2001) Origines et conséquences de la variabilité des traits d'histoire de vie chez le cerf élaphe (Cervus elaphus) à la Petite Pierre (Bas-Rhin). Rapport Scientifique de l'Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage. [pdf]
  • Hamann, J.L., Bonenfant, C. & Holveck, H. (2003) Les apports du marquage pour la gestion du Cerf élaphe. Bulletin Mensuel de l'Office National de la Chasse, 260, 30--36. [pdf]
  • Bonenfant, C. & Klein, F. (2004) Evolution de la population de Cerf (Cervus elaphus L.) du Parc national des Cévennes. Rapport d'expertise de l'ONCFS, pp. 71. [pdf]
  • Hamann, J.L., Holveck, H., Klein, F., Bonenfant, C. & Gaillard, J.-M. (2006). Les biches suitées: un indicateur pour la gestion des populations de Cerf ? Faune Sauvage, 272, 16--21. [pdf]
  • Bonenfant, C., Schwoerer, M.-L., Boisaubert, B. & Klein, F. (2007) Observatoire du Donon - Analyse des données. Rapport d'expertise de l'ONCFS, pp. 81. [pdf]
  • Morellet, N. & Groupe Chevreuil (2008) La gestion des grands herbivores par les indicateurs de changements écologiques. Faune Sauvage, 282, 9--18. [pdf]
  • Hamann, J.-L., Bonenfant, C., Michallet, J., Holveck, H., Klein, F. & Garel, M. (2011) L'indice nocturne : un indicateur des variations d'abondance des populations de Cerfs. Faune Sauvage, 292, 17--22. [pdf]
  • Hemery, H. et al (2012) Mise au point d'un modèle de diagnostic des interactions entre structures paysagères, infrastructures de transports terrestres et espèces emblématiques: le cas du lynx dans le massif jurassien. Rapport final ITTECOP, pp. 81. [pdf]
  • Pellerin, M., Bonenfant, C., Garel, M., Chevrier, T., Queney, G., Klein, F. & Michallet, J. (2014) Dynamique de la population de cerfs du domaine national de Chambord : analyse temporelle des ICE Rapport d'expertise de l'ONCFS, pp. 64. [pdf]